Parliament


Parliament
   During the period of the Dutch Republic (1581– 1795), the Staten-Generaal (States General) was an assembly of rep resentatives from the seven sovereign provinces. Affairs concerning the union, religion, and defense(e.g., foreignrelations, the East In dia and West India companies) came within its competence. In 1796, a National Assembly was elected by “universal” male suf frage. In 1798, after the proclamation of the first written constitution of the unified state, the representative body of the Batavian Repub lic consisted of two chambers. The bicameral system was continued after the founding of the kingdom in 1814–1815. With the political crisis of the 1860s, a parliamentary system, with responsible gov ernment, was recognized by the monarch. At present, the Tweede Kamer (Second Chamber) is directly elected (since 1919 by universal suffrage of men and women, and by a proportional system based on lists of candidates for the political parties). Now with 150 members, it has the right to accept, amend, or reject government proposals, to introduce bills at its own initiative, and to set up parliamentary committees that investigate government policies. The Eerste Kamer (First Chamber), with 75 members, is elected by members from the provincial assemblies. Its most impor tant task is accepting or rejecting of bills already approved by the Second Chamber. The maximum term for parliamentary elections is four years.
   See also European Parliament (EP); Parliamentary inquiries.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parliament — par·lia·ment / pär lə mənt, pärl yə / n [Anglo French parlement conference, council, parliament, from parler to speak] 1 a: an assemblage of the nobility, clergy, and commons called together by the British sovereign as the supreme legislative… …   Law dictionary

  • Parliament — Par lia*ment, n. [OE. parlement, F. parlement, fr. parler to speak; cf. LL. parlamentum, parliamentum. See {Parley}.] 1. A parleying; a discussion; a conference. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] But first they held their parliament. Rom. of R. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • parliament — par‧lia‧ment [ˈpɑːləmənt ǁ ˈpɑːr ] noun [countable] the group of people elected to make a country s laws and discuss important national issues: • The Dutch parliament voted to begin lifting economic sanctions. * * * parliament UK US /ˈpɑːləmənt/… …   Financial and business terms

  • parliament — ► NOUN 1) (Parliament) (in the UK) the highest legislature, consisting of the Sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons. 2) a similar body in other countries. ORIGIN Old French parlement speaking …   English terms dictionary

  • parliament — [pär′lə mənt] n. [ME parlament < OFr parlement < parler: see PARLEY] 1. an official or formal conference or council, usually concerned with government or public affairs 2. [P ] a) the national legislative body of Great Britain, composed of… …   English World dictionary

  • Parliament — Parliament, s. Parlament …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • parliament — (n.) late 13c., from O.Fr. parlement (11c.), originally speaking, talk, from parler to speak (see PARLEY (Cf. parley)); spelling altered c.1400 to conform with M.L. parliamentum. Anglo Latin parliamentum is attested from early 13c. Related:… …   Etymology dictionary

  • parliament — parliament, parliamentary Both words are spelt with an a in the middle, but are pronounced with the ia as a single syllable …   Modern English usage

  • Parliament — This article is about the legislative institution. For other uses, see Parliament (disambiguation). Parliaments redirects here. For the American style doo wop quintet, see The Parliaments. The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of …   Wikipedia

  • parliament — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ current, present ▪ new ▪ outgoing ▪ bicameral, unicameral ▪ elected …   Collocations dictionary

  • parliament — /pahr leuh meuhnt/ or, sometimes, /pahrl yeuh /, n. 1. (usually cap.) the legislature of Great Britain, historically the assembly of the three estates, now composed of Lords Spiritual and Lords Temporal, forming together the House of Lords, and… …   Universalium